Experience rich cuisine and culture
Founded in 1577 by Guru Ram Das, the fourth Guru of the Sikhs, Amritsar (pool of the nectar of immortality) is considered the centre of the Sikh religion. Now the second largest city of the Punjab state, it was once a junction of trade routes. The city is known for its rich cuisine and culture. It is home to the Golden Temple, the spiritual and cultural centre for the Sikh religion. The city itself is named after the sacred tank within this temple.Visit the Golden Temple, the spiritual nerve-centre of the Sikh faith. Also called Harmandir Sahib, the temple is made of white marble and copper gilt with its dome covered with gold leaf. Within is the Guru Granth Sahib, holy book of the Sikhs. See the community kitchen (langar) where volunteers’ feed 35,000 people every day.
Here we have selected a few of the sights and experiences that you really should see on a visit to Amritsar.
The Golden Temple (Sri Harmandir Sahib) has a unique Sikh architecture. Built at a level lower than the surrounding land level, the Gurdwara teaches the lesson of egalitarianism and humility. The four entrances of this holy shrine from all four directions signify that people belonging to every walk of life are equally welcome. Founded by the fourth Guru of Sikhs, Guru Ramdasji, it was completed by his successor Guru Arjan Devji. Over 50,000 people visit the holy shrine daily for worship and also assist in the free community kitchen (langar) regardless of any distinctions, a tradition that is a hallmark of all Sikh Gurdwaras.
From Amritsar 35kms on the road to Lahore (Pakistan), is the India-Pakistan border, which is also known as Attari-Wagah border. A visit to the border is an interesting experience, especially at sun-set, when the retreat ceremony takes place with the Border Security Force (B.S.F.) on the Indian side and The Sutlej Rangers on the Pakistan side performing a well-co-ordinated and spectacular display which compares very favourably with the changing of the guard in London. As the bugle is sounded, the Indian crowd responds in jubilation, trying to out-shout the Pakistani visitors across the gate.